In some cases, black toenail can be painful. Most people are also bothered by the way it looks.
But what are the causes of black toenail? And what can you do to treat this problem?
Fungal Causes of Black Toenail
This condition doesn’t necessarily come from an infection. Injuries, anemia, and melanoma are among the causes of a black toenail. Those who have a kidney condition or diabetes are also at particularly high risk.
But in some cases, fungal infections such as nail psoriasis can cause your toenails to change color. The toes and toenails have a huge chance of developing fungal infections because fungus grows best in warm, moist environments.
Fungi can cause a build-up of debris under the toenail. In addition to making your nails turn black, gray or green, it also changes their shape. Since the debris makes the nails separate from the nail bed, black toenails can completely fall off.
Prevention and Treatment
Fungal diseases can spread out, and they can become very dangerous over time. Treatment usually involves antifungal medication in the form of gels, creams or pills. These drugs are effective, but they can come with unpleasant side effects.
Here are some other ways you can avoid black toenail:
- Practice Good Nail Care
Keeping your toenails short and clean can be a good way to stop the fungus from growing. Additionally, make sure your nail beds aren’t cracked or swollen.
- Take Care when Buying Socks
You want to go for breathable socks and footwear.
- Try Over the Counter Medication
Before trying prescription antifungal medication, you can look into other options. After all, over the counter creams and other drugs can be all you need to get rid of your black toenail.