Jock itch is a fungal rash of the skin that appears on the folds of the groin (inguinal folds). This condition mainly affects adult men. Provoked by a type of fungus called dermatophyte, it extends in a circle on the skin, forming a ring. The skin blushes under the effect of irritation.
Some people have the wrong sensation of having a worm under the skin. The fungi responsible for the infection are normally present on the skin and nails and are usually harmless. However, under certain conditions, they can multiply considerably, causing irritation and damage to the skin.
Causes of Jock Itch
Dermatophytes preferentially proliferate on moist, warm skin and develop in skin folds, for example in the groin or in the spaces between the toes. Overweight men are more likely to be affected by jock itch if sweating is severe or skin folds are numerous. Wearing tight clothing and hot, humid climates also promote the development of affection. Also, men who practice sports that require protective shells are particularly prone to jock itch.
Symptoms and Complications
This condition frequently causes pain or itching, but it is not systematic. The following visible clues confirm that this is a fungal infection:
- Inflammation of the groin, anal region, and upper thigh
- A slight blistering of the skin
- Dry or scaly ampoules, sometimes oozing
- An abnormally dark or light coloring of the skin
- Redness or inflammation
Treatment and Prevention of Jock Itch
Jock itch is usually treated with medications that do not require a prescription and should disappear quickly in about 2 to 4 weeks. Certain anti-fungal creams and powders such as clotrimazole or miconazole, available at pharmacies are effective against most dermatophytes. It is important to continue treatment until its completion even if the symptoms disappear.
If inflammation persists for more than 2 or 3 weeks despite the use of antifungal medication, seek medical attention. The doctor will prescribe another antifungal cream or antifungal medicine to take in tablet form.
To relieve and prevent the appearance of this condition, observe the following guidelines:
- Wear loose clothing and underwear
- Change your underwear daily
- Shower as soon as possible after a sport
- Wash your sportswear after each use
- Do not wear a wet swimsuit too long
- Do not use share towel or clothes