The Pathophysiology of Oropharyngeal Candidiasis

main causes of thrush

Oropharyngeal candidiasis is also called thrush or an oral Candida infection. It affects the mouth as well as the throat.

Some people are particularly sensitive to this disease. For example, 90% of HIV patients have to deal with thrush.

But what exactly are the main causes of thrush? And what can you do to prevent it?

Understanding the Symptoms and Main Causes of Thrush

This disease comes from a Candida fungus. It attacks the mucous tissue and so changes the structure of the patient’s mouth and throat.

People who have oropharyngeal candidiasis frequently have white tongues. This is because the Candida fungus causes an abnormal overgrowth of the surface cells of the tongue. These are painful lesions that also cover the gums and inner cheeks.

Additionally, the edges of the mouth may bleed easily.

This disease impacts the throat as well. Because it causes swelling, thrush can make it difficult to eat and even breathe.

But who are at risk the most?

  • Immune system problems are among the main causes of thrush. This includes people who have diabetes or who are going through cancer treatment.
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, smoking increases your chances of developing thrush.
  • Bad oral health contributes as well.
  • Antibiotics and corticosteroids make you more likely to develop thrush. This includes the corticosteroids that are used in asthma medication.

Main Prevention Methods

You should maintain good oral health to prevent thrush, especially if your immune system is weak for any reason. Mouthwash can be a good idea as well. People who use asthma medication should take care to brush their teeth after using their inhaler.